The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear.
— H.P. Lovecraft
Lovecraft aptly explains the feeling related to fear which is a part of everyone’s life. Every single being in this world experience fear that is normal. But when this feeling cripples the day-to-day functioning of life, interferes with one’s social and personal spaces and dominates the consciousness, then it might be a problem of phobia which is not normal.
A phobia is an anxiety disorder that creates an extreme irrational fear for people, places, things or situations that might evoke anxiety and avoidance. People suffering from phobia can go to extreme lengths to avoid anything that triggers their fear and causes utter panic and distress.
There might be people who are terrified of needles and at no cost can they visit a doctor; there are others who might find it difficult to fly in an aeroplane; while some others might be petrified to speak to strangers, avoiding any kind of social events. The only way to get relief from such a stressful situation is to seek a holistic treatment for phobia.
Types of Phobia
Certain types of phobia can occur in childhood, but some might develop unexpectedly during adolescence or young adulthood. Phobias can occur suddenly.
There are two types of phobia:
- Specific Phobia: Specific phobia is an irrational fear about a particular object, thing, situation or activity. Animals and insects, like snakes, spiders and lizards, can also cause extreme fear in a person. Certain situations like flying in a plane or moving on an escalator can give rise to fear in a person. Moreover, certain activities that was a bad experience in the past might also be feared. Moreover, specific phobia also includes fear from injections, hospitals, etc.
- Complex Phobia: Complex phobias are much more debilitating and are often associated with serious anxieties about a particular situation. There are two main common complex phobias:
- Agoraphobia is the fear of open spaces when a sufferer feels the anxiousness of not being able to escape from the place in case of a panic attack. Common examples of agoraphobia are not going to crowded restaurants, not traveling solo, etc. The phobia becomes so incapacitating that a person starts avoiding situations and places that make them panicky. Agoraphobia can be so crippling that it can make the sufferer lock himself in the house to avoid situations.
- Social Phobia is the fear of social situations, which is synonymous to social anxiety disorder. A person with social phobia refrains from speaking to strangers or giving public performances for the fear of adverse scrutiny and humiliation from the people around. They fear that others will judge them in a negative way.
Symptoms of Phobia
There might be a number of associated factors for the occurrence of phobia. Certain past trauma that left a permanent scar may be a cause of phobia. Moreover, at times the problem can be genetic as some people seem to be more anxious than others. The most common symptoms of phobia are:
- feeling of panic
- irrepressible anxiety
- unable to control feelings of panic and anxiousness
- sweating and breathlessness
- chest pains and accelerated heartbeats
- confusion and lack of clarity
- nausea and headache
Even children can face this problem and to overcome the situation, they may cry, cling to their parents or throw tantrums. An individual suffering from phobia might be aware of his/her unrealistic fears but does not have the power to control it and so tries to avoid the triggers as much as possible. But the best solution is to seek phobia treatment in reputed mental health centers under the care of specialized doctors.
Treatment for phobia
There is no single treatment to cure phobia. However, a combination of psychotherapies and medication can help in treating a person from his fears.
- Medication is given on the basis of the response to treatment and to aid in the psychotherapies administered. Generally, beta-blockers to reduce palpitations and antidepressants or tranquilizers are used during the course of the treatment. However, these medicines should be taken only during the prescribed period and not beyond that.
- Psychotherapies, on the other hand, are the most important part of phobia treatment. A psychologist works with the patient to effectively deal with his/her phobia. Some of the most common psychotherapies administered as a part of the phobia treatment are:
- Exposure therapy: Exposure therapy helps a patient face fears under secured conditions in progressive steps. This therapy exposes the fears of a patient and helps him/her learn to deal with it. The main goal is to help the patient learn to overcome the problem over time.
- Systematic Desensitization: In certain cases, exposure can be combined with relaxation techniques that can help a patient manage fears. It is based on the principle of classical conditioning when a fearful response is substituted with a relaxation response in a bid to get rid of the phobia.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT helps in controlling the reactions to a particularly stressful stimulus. It helps the patient understand the patterns of thoughts and behaviors that might trigger phobias and alter them accordingly through various techniques changing behavioral and cognitive responses.
Seeking customized treatments programs
Treatments need to be customized according to the severity and the type of phobia. Moreover, selecting the best phobia treatment centers should be a priority so that the most effective treatment can be imparted according to the needs of an individual. A patient can seek treatment in the following type of phobia treatment centers:
- Inpatient treatment centers offer round-the-clock assistance during the entire length of the phobia treatment. The patients have to check into the facility where they are in constant care and monitoring of specialists and nurses who will be checking their responses to the administered treatment as well as their progress. This type of treatment center is best suited for people with extreme cases of phobia.
- Outpatient treatment centers give liberty to the patients to undergo the treatment for phobia while living at their homes. It is suitable for patients who are not able to leave their personal and professional obligations. However, outpatient treatment is good for people with mild symptoms and can manage themselves without 24/7 monitoring by doctors. But people with acute symptoms of phobia should always opt for a residential facility.
Other personalized amenities also available
Anyone who wants to make his/her stay as comfortable as possible and does not have any constraint of finances can always opt for a specialized luxury rehab center. Such a facility offers high-end amenities on the lines of a five-star hotel, like lush green lawns, healthy gourmet mills, luxurious spas, gyms, etc.
Moreover, professionals who are unable to stay away from their professional commitments can always enroll in an executive rehab center. An individual can get access to internet, mobiles, laptops, and other tech support to continue with the job-related requirements while seeking treatment for phobia.
Help is available to anyone who desires to get better
Any kind of phobia can disrupt the normal functioning of life. At every step, there is a fear of something or the other that can make life extremely enervating. The only way to find succor from the consistent fears is to seek a comprehensive treatment for phobia.
We, at the Recover Mental Health, can help you find the best phobia treatment centers that administer patient-centric phobia treatment plans. You may call our specialists on 866-593-2339 or chat online to know more about phobias and their related recovery options. Remember, it is time to shed your fears and embrace a newer tomorrow.