Tramadol Rehab Center
Tramadol, prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain, is an opioid analgesic commonly marketed under the brand name Ultram. Tramadol works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord that are responsible for pain-relieving effects and euphoria. The drug is often prescribed for pain experienced after a surgery or for chronic pain.
One of the least potent painkillers in the market, tramadol, when taken for a longer period, can be addictive. When taken in larger quantities or when abused, it can cause unwanted side effects. Some of the short-term effects of tramadol are:
- reduction in anxiety
- lack of pain
- ecstatic or elated mood
Prolonged use of tramadol can cause major long-term effects. Some of the common long-term effects of tramadol are:
- drug tolerance
- physical dependence
- cognitive impairment
Tramadol can help reduce depressive and obsessive compulsive symptoms among its users because of its ability to raise the levels of neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. But taking it differently than prescribed can have negative and sometimes dangerous consequences. Tramadol abuse can lead to drug tolerance, dependence and eventually addiction. An individual dependent on tramadol would require the drug to cope with daily life stressors and can indulge in illegal activities like doctor shopping to obtain the drug illegally.
Compared to other opiate painkillers, tramadol abuse is not so severe, but the number of people abusing the drug for non-medical purposes and its consequences are still significant. As per the National Survey on Drug Use and Health and the Drug Abuse Warning Network, in 2013, more than 7 million Americans (over 12 years) used tramadol for recreational purposes. As per the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), emergency room visits involving tramadol adverse reactions increased from 10,000 in 2005 to nearly 27,500 in 2011.
Tramadol addiction, causes and effects
Approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in 1995, tramadol was initially not classified as a controlled substance. However, considering an increase in tramadol abuse among the general public and its associated uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, the DEA has officially classified tramadol as a Schedule IV drug under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). When taken in higher doses orally, tramadol produces a euphoria similar to the one experienced by oxycodone misuse.
There is a high risk of developing a tolerance to the drug due to its ability to change the brain chemistry. On developing tolerance to the drug, a user would need a larger amount of the drug to achieve the same euphoric effect. In addition to tolerance, prolonged use of tramadol can give rise to dependence when the user would require the drug in order to function properly. A sudden discontinuation of the drug can result in uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, ranging from diarrhea to depression.
Some of the common side effects of tramadol abuse are:
- nausea and vomiting
- appetite loss
- dry mouth
Some of the other side effects include rapid heartbeat, fever, agitation or hallucinations, among others. Similar to other opioids, tramadol use might also lead to cognitive decline and slowed reaction time. Long-term use of tramadol may also adversely affect a person’s driving abilities.
Tramadol tolerance and dependence can also lead to tramadol addiction. When addicted to tramadol, the individual can experience frequent drug cravings, and relationship and financial problems. Tramadol addiction is characterized by an obsessive drug-seeking behavior, inability to perform daily tasks without the drug, and the inability to limit the drug use in spite of being aware of its dangerous side effects.
Once a habitual user becomes tolerant to tramadol, he or she might find it hard to quit the drug. In such a situation, the user would feel the urge to increase his or her drug frequency or doses in order to achieve the same effect. Increased frequency or a higher dosage might put a user at an increased risk of accidental overdose. Mixing tramadol with other addictive substances like alcohol and other painkillers can also increase overdose risk.
Some of the symptoms of tramadol overdose are:
- difficulty in breathing
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of consciousness
A sudden stoppage of drugs can cause severe withdrawal symptoms that might need immediate medical attention. Some of the tramadol withdrawal symptoms are:
Tramadol addiction treatment
Treatment for tramadol addiction can be obtained at both inpatient and outpatient treatment centers. Both inpatient and outpatient opioid addiction treatment programs consist of patient evaluation, detoxification and counseling sessions.
When a user checks into a rehab, he or she undergoes an initial evaluation process by a certified medical professional that helps the medical professional learn about the patient’s drug abuse history. Based on the information, the expert can design an individualized treatment plan.
Post patient evaluation, a user undergoes medically supervised detoxification that helps flush out drug traces from the body. The medicines used during detox help address painful withdrawal symptoms.
After a successful detox, a patient undergoes counseling and therapy sessions that help individuals develop coping mechanisms and address any underlying mental health conditions that may be a cause of the addiction and abuse.
Finding the right treatment center for tramadol addiction
Tramadol addiction can be successfully treated at both inpatient and outpatient facilities. Most inpatient tramadol rehabilitation programs offer treatment plans that can last for up to 30 to 60 days. The length of addiction treatment depends on the amount of drug present in an individual and the severity of the addiction.
Often considered the best treatment option for severe cases, a treatment at an inpatient treatment facility offers a comprehensive addiction treatment within a sober living facility. Treatment at an inpatient center combines detoxification and therapy sessions. In addition to this, an inpatient center also offers round-the-clock care to the user.
For those who cannot attend regular treatment programs, tramadol addiction treatment can be obtained at an outpatient facility. The treatment offered here is similar to the one at an inpatient facility, but with the added flexibility of allowing an individual to carry on with his or her daily life activities along with the treatment.
Specialized treatment centers
For professionals with a busy schedule, an executive rehab center is the best bet. An executive rehab is ideally suited for individuals seeking an inpatient treatment without losing their productivity. By providing the busy executives with an occasional access to laptop or mobile, an executive rehab center helps them undergo addiction treatment without affecting their professional commitments or productivity.
For those seeking five-star amenities along with substance addiction treatment, a luxury rehab center is the best option. At a luxury rehab center, an individual gets world-class addiction treatment along with five-star amenities, such as round-the-clock housekeeping services and gym facilities, among others.
Road to recovery
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 12 million Americans abused painkillers in 2010. Tramadol is frequently abused for its euphoric and calming effects. As a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, larger tramadol dosage can cause respiratory depression, seizures, slower heart rate and even coma.
We, at the Recover Mental Health, understand how regular use of tramadol can lead to tramadol tolerance, dependency and addiction. In order to provide complete care to all its patients, Recover Mental Health provides full support to patients to find the best tramadol addiction treatment for their addiction. Call at our 24/7 treatment advisors at 866-593-2339 or chat online to know more about a tramadol rehab center in your locality.