Opioid Rehab Center
Opioids, a type of narcotic pain medicine, help treat moderate to severe pain. A class of drugs, opioids include prescription opioids like morphine, oxycodone and hydrocodone, synthetic opioids like fentanyl, and illegal opioids like heroin. Opioids work by binding to opioid receptors in the spinal cord, brain and other areas of the body. They help block the pain messages to the brain, thereby, reducing the feelings of pain. Doctors often prescribe opioids to treat pain after dental procedures, surgeries and other chronic painful medical conditions like cancer.
Opioids have the ability to affect regions in the brain associated with the reward system, thus, they produce a sense of well-being and pleasure. Their ability to generate euphoria and produce a sense of well-being can also lead to their abuse. In order to enhance opioid’s euphoric effects and intensify their experience, users might take them in forms and quantities other than those prescribed. Some can take them illegally in various ways like by crushing, snorting or inhaling.
As per the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), of the 20.5 million Americans suffering from a substance use disorder in 2015, 2 million had a disorder involving prescription pain relievers and 591,000 had a disorder involving heroin.
Opioid addiction, causes and effects
According to the ASAM, among individuals using heroin, 23 percent eventually develop opioid addiction. It also revealed that women were more likely to suffer from chronic pain because of which they needed a higher dose of prescription pain relievers. Compared to men, women were more likely to become dependent on prescription pain relievers. According to ASAM, between 1999 and 2010, 48,000 women died due to overdose of prescription pain relievers.
When taken in greater quantities than prescribed or when combined with other substances like alcohol, opioid usage can result in an overdose. Opioids can be dangerous when combined with substances like antidepressants or alcohol. Opioid overdose can lead to erratic breathing, unresponsiveness, constricted pupils and loss of consciousness, and requires immediate medical attention. When used for a longer duration and in larger quantities than prescribed, opioid use might lead to drug tolerance, dependence and addiction. On developing tolerance to opioids, an individual would require more of the drug to achieve the same effects. In addition to causing tolerance, long-term opioid use can lead to drug overdose and drug dependence. Drug dependence is characterized by the inability to perform daily tasks without taking the drug.
Some of the signs and symptoms of opioid abuse are:
- nausea and vomiting
- mood swings
- slurred speech
Some of the signs and symptoms of opioid addiction are:
- intense drug cravings
- continued use despite knowing the side effects
- prioritizing drug use over daily tasks
- using opioids in ways other than prescribed (crushing or snorting)
- buying drugs on the street
- consuming more of the drug to achieve the same effect
A combination of physical and psychological factors can lead to opioid addiction. Some of the factors responsible for developing opioid addiction include:
- access to opioids
- increasing and compulsive drug use
- development of drug tolerance
In addition, individuals with a history of psychiatric problems, personal history of substance abuse, family history of substance abuse and child trauma are at a higher risk of developing opioid addiction.
When stopped abruptly after a long-term use, individuals may develop uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Some of the common opioid withdrawal symptoms are:
- abdominal pain
- body pain
- nausea or vomiting
Opioid withdrawal symptoms can be managed by gradually reducing the drug dosage until the medicine is no longer required.
Opioid addiction treatment
Treatment for opioid abuse and addiction is dependent on the duration, frequency and the amount of drug abused. Treatment plans often differ from person to person. Due to extremely uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, individuals seeking treatment for should seek treatment from trained medical health professionals. Treatment for opioid addiction can be obtained at both inpatient and outpatient treatment centers. The line of treatment at both the centers consists of admission, detoxification, therapy and recovery management program.
On checking in a rehab center, an individual undergoes an evaluation by a medical health professional that helps in devising an individualized treatment plan depending on the person’s other mental or physical ailments discovered. After evaluation, an individual undergoes medically assisted detox which helps address the painful withdrawal symptoms and flush out the drug traces from the system.
The next step is therapy comprising cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), individual, group, or family counseling. Therapies and counseling sessions help in treating any underlying mental health condition that may be a cause of opioid addiction and abuse. After the treatment, individuals are often assisted with recovery management program to ensure long-term sobriety and to avoid drug relapse.
Finding the right treatment center for opioid addiction
Opioid addiction can be successfully treated at both inpatient and outpatient facilities. Most inpatient opioid rehabilitation programs offer treatment plans that can last for up to 30, 60 or 90 days. The length of the treatment depends on the amount of drug present in an individual and the severity of addiction.
Due to its addictive nature and extremely uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, opioid addiction treatment is best handled on an inpatient basis. An inpatient care facility is suited for severe addiction cases where an individual gets round-the-clock medical assistance by combining medically assisted detox with therapy sessions. A residential setting also has the benefit of providing addiction treatment to an individual in a sober environment.
Those with less severe opioid addiction symptoms and unavoidable professional and personal commitments can opt for an outpatient center. For treatment on an outpatient basis, an individual can visit the facility for treatment at scheduled times.
Road to recovery
When used as prescribed, opioids can make a significant difference to the lives of people suffering from moderate to severe pain. However, when abused, opioids can lead to dependence, fatal overdose and addiction, along with other medical, legal and social problems.
We, at the Recover Mental Health, understand how long-term and heavy use of opioids can lead to opioid dependence, tolerance and addiction. In order to provide complete care to all its patients, Recover Mental Health provides full support to patients to find the best opioid addiction treatment for their addiction. You may call our treatment advisors at 866-593-2339 or chat online to know more about an opioid rehab center in your locality.