Opiate Rehab Center
Opiates, derived from opium, are a group of drugs used for treating pain and suppressing cough. Opiates work by acting on opioid receptors in the central nervous system and the brain. They help in releasing a large amount of dopamine in the brain that creates feelings of pleasure and reinforces the behavior.
Opiates are derived from an active narcotic component present in the opium poppy, but opioids are synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs and modified versions of opiates. Prescription opioids work the same way as natural opiates and include drugs like oxycodone, fentanyl and hydrocodone.
Opiates include a wide variety of drugs and range from legal drugs like morphine to illegal drugs like heroin. They go by a variety of names – the term opiates are used for heroin and morphine, and the term opioids are used for the entire class of drugs, including synthetic opiates.
Effects of short-term use of opiates are euphoria, pain relief, drowsiness and sedation. Its long-term use can cause symptoms like a weakened immune system, respiratory depression and gastric problems, among others.
Even if taken as prescribed, long-term opiate use can lead to tolerance, requiring more of the drug to achieve the same euphoric effect. Individuals dependent on drugs might engage in illegal activities to gain access to drugs.
Opiate addiction, causes and effects
Opiates can be addictive as they produce feelings of euphoria and a sense of well-being. When used for a longer period, one can develop tolerance to opiates, requiring more of the drug to obtain the same effects. A prolonged opiate use can cause brain damage and can force the body to stop producing natural opiates. When the body is unable to produce natural opiates, it cannot manage the pain naturally. At this stage, an individual would experience severe pain while attempting to quit opiates. As individuals take more opiates to achieve the same euphoric effects, tolerance to opiates might lead to an addiction that can cause an overdose and even death due to cardiac or respiratory arrest.
Similar to addiction to other substances, opiate addiction is the product of many factors working together. These factors can be genetic, environmental, biological and psychological.
Genetic: Individuals who have a close relative with an addiction disorder are more likely to develop an addiction to substances. Though not a direct factor, genetics play a key role in addiction problem.
Environmental: Those exposed to a stressful and chaotic environment and those surrounded by people dependent on substances are more likely to develop an addiction to substances.
Biological: Individuals born with the neurotransmitter endorphin deficiency may try to self-medicate by taking opium narcotics. Such individuals might develop an addiction to opiates.
Psychological: Individuals suffering from undiagnosed mental illness might try to self-medicate by using opiates that might lead to addiction in the long run. In addition to this, individuals using opiates for the euphoric effect might also develop an opiate addiction.
Following are some of the side effects of opiate abuse:
- Abdominal bloating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Respiratory depression
- Damage to brain structure
- Kidney damage
Opiate abuse can cause drug dependence that can further lead to drug tolerance, when the user would need a higher amount of the drug to achieve the same effect. Individuals addicted to opiates often continue to abuse the substance in spite of being aware of its negative effects on their physical and psychological health. Opiate abuse can have several physical and psychological symptoms.
Following are the physical symptoms of opiate abuse:
- Slowed breathing
- Loss of consciousness
- Constricted pupils
Following are the psychological symptoms of opiate abuse:
- Mood changes
- Social isolation
- Financial problems
- Doctor shopping
When taken for a longer duration and in higher doses, a sudden discontinuation of opiate can result in opiate withdrawal that can be extremely uncomfortable. Symptoms of opiate withdrawal depend on the frequency of abuse and the amount and the drug abused.
Some of the opiate withdrawal symptoms include:
- Muscle pain
- Dilated pupils
- Suicidal thoughts
- Abdominal cramping
- Nausea and vomiting
Opiate addiction treatment
Opiate addiction and withdrawal are extremely serious conditions that require treatment by a trained medical professional. Treatment for opiate addiction can be taken up at both an inpatient treatment center and an outpatient treatment center.
The treatment for opiate addiction starts with an evaluation phase to determine the extent of the abuse and the existence of any other illness. After the evaluation, the user undergoes medically supervised detoxification that helps flush out substances from the body. During detoxification, individuals may experience uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms that can be managed with medicines under the supervision of a trained medical health professional. The length of detox depends on the severity of abuse and the presence of any other substance addiction.
At the next stage, the user undergoes therapies – individual and group – that help him or her fight off drug cravings and understand the root cause of substance addiction. After the addiction treatment program, individuals are often recommended recovery management program to ensure sobriety and to avoid any relapse. The recovery management program may include therapy sessions and group meetings.
Finding the right treatment center for opiate addiction
Opiate addiction can be treated at both an inpatient or an outpatient facility. Opiate rehabilitation programs offer treatment plans that can last for up to 60 to 90 days. The length of the treatment depends on the severity of addiction and the presence of any other substance addiction.
In order to manage the uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, opiate addiction treatment is best handled in an inpatient facility, where the user gets round-the-clock medical assistance during medically assisted detox program and therapy sessions. A residential setting also provides the benefit of providing addiction treatment in a sober environment.
For those with less severe opiate addiction symptoms and those who cannot compromise their personal and professional commitments, treatment in an outpatient center can be a good option. An outpatient facility provides the needed treatment even as they continue with their daily life activities. The patient needs to visit the facility at scheduled times for the treatment.
Specialized treatment centers
There are some specialized treatment centers as well. An executive rehab center is ideal for individuals seeking an inpatient treatment but needs to fulfill their professional commitments. By providing occasional access to laptop or mobile to the patients, the specialized treatment center helps them undergo addiction treatment without affecting their professional commitments.
For individuals seeking substance addiction treatment with five-star amenities, a luxury rehab center is the best bet. A luxury rehab center provides world-class addiction treatment along with facilities like five-star chef-prepared meals, round-the-clock housekeeping services and gym facilities, among others.
Road to recovery
Opiates do not have serious side effects when taken for therapeutic purpose, but when abused, they can cause serious long-term damage to an individual’s physical and psychological health.
We, at Recover Mental Health, understand how regular opiate use can lead to drug dependency, tolerance and addiction. We provide full support to patients to find the best opiate addiction treatment for their addiction. Call our treatment advisors at 866-593-2339 or chat online to know more about an opiate rehab center in your locality.