Addiction Rehabilitation Process
Addiction rehabilitation helps an individual fight against his chronic use of alcohol or drugs. The process of rehabilitation is multi-faceted. Depending on the type of substance, the impact on mental and physical health and the severity of the drug use, treatment can occur in myriad recovery settings, follow different forms of curative interventions, and last for diverse time lengths.
The addiction rehabilitation process is not a one-day affair. It takes its own course of time to make an impact on an individual. The recovery not only depends on the medical treatment procedure, but also on the strong will of the patient and his motivation to lead a sober life.
If you or your loved one is looking for more information on the addiction rehabilitation process, please call us at 866-593-2339. The experts of Recover Mental Health are there to answer all your queries concerning the treatment and rehab process.
What are the principles of an effective treatment?
An effective addiction rehabilitation process must help a person to:
- Stop drug usage
- Establish a positive support system
- Remain sober by being drug-free
- Be a responsible individual towards family, work, and society
The intent of rehabilitation is to enable a patient to remain drug-free for the rest of his life, helping to manage cravings and living a successful life ahead.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) highlights certain principles of treatment that must be the basis of any addiction treatment program.
Effective Treatment Principles
- Addiction affects both brain function and behavior.
- It is a complex but treatable disease; however, no single treatment is applicable for curing it.
- An effective treatment process not only cures the addiction itself but also addresses the overall needs of an individual.
- An effective treatment is not a one-day affair; it is critical for the patient to get treatment long enough to get sober.
- Detoxification is only the first stage of a treatment procedure. It should be followed by medications coupled with behavioral therapies that are an important part of comprehensive addiction treatment.
- Treatment plans must be reviewed and modified often to cater to a patient’s changing needs.
- Treatment should be such that it cures other underlying mental disorders as well. Patients should be tested for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, TB and other diseases to reduce the health risks.
Process of addiction rehabilitation
Though the process of rehabilitation may differ from facility to facility, a general approach is followed by almost all prominent rehabs:
Intake and Diagnosis
The intake process will be the first step towards enquiring about an addiction treatment facility and can begin with the very first call you make to seek treatment. Intake is the process that determines which facility might best suit the patient and this is the time to ask as many questions as you want to be doubly sure about everything relating to the addiction treatment. You will have a one-on-one session with a counselor whom you can ask your queries about the treatment program, the stay, the therapies you will receive, etc. The counselor, on the other hand, will also ask a number of questions related to your drug use, family history, and other physical or mental ailments.
He might ask you to undergo some diagnostic tests to determine the severity of your condition, to suggest the best treatment plan suiting your needs. So, it is important for you to search for a program that matches your needs and enroll accordingly.
Types of Rehab Programs
There are generally two types of programs offered by a rehab: outpatient and inpatient. Whatever the program is, the intake process will be the same in both and spearheaded by a counselor.
Outpatient Treatment: Outpatient treatment lets a patient stay at home and continue work or study while seeking treatment. If an individual is preoccupied with personal and professional obligations, outpatient treatment gives a freedom of movement. However, an individual has to report to his doctor on the designated date and time during the entire length of the program. Outpatient treatment is a favorable option for those who can manage their addictive symptoms. However, it is not recommended for people who are under serious conditions or suffering from dual diagnosis.
Inpatient Treatment: Inpatient treatment is about checking into a facility and receiving round-the-clock care from expert doctors and nurses. This treatment is extremely suitable for people who are chronic users of drugs or alcohol and are heavily dependent on the substance. They are constantly monitored so that the team of specialists can manage any serious symptoms. The patients get their regular dose of medications, therapies as well as get connected to other people in the rehab whose experience may motivate them to get rid of the addiction.
Apart from normal inpatient facilities, like hospitals and rehabs, there are also specialized luxury and executive facilities for people who need special amenities. Luxury facilities, for example, offer 5-star amenities to patients, like gym, spa, golf course, gourmet meal and more for a comfortable stay. Executive facilities cater to those people who are not able to take time off from their professional commitments. Such facilities provide access to computers, laptops, internets, mobiles and more to carry on their professional endeavors.
Detoxification is the process of flushing out all the harmful toxins that have accumulated in the body due to a prolonged use of alcohol or drugs. It is considered the first step of a rehabilitation treatment that allows a person to abstain from the substance. During detox, the body might experience withdrawal symptoms, as it suddenly has to cope with the absence of those drugs that it was used to.
Drug Withdrawal Symptoms: The drug withdrawal symptoms that might occur in a patient can depend on the following conditions:
- Type of drug abused and in what quantities
- Combination of different drugs abused, including alcohol
- Length of abuse
- Average amount of drugs abused at time of entering into detox
- Existence of any underlying disorder or any co-occurring mental problems.
Depending on the substance used, withdrawal symptoms can even start to appear within a couple hours after detoxification. Such symptoms generally first occur within 24 hours of the last drug use. Some of the most common withdrawal symptoms are sweating, nausea, depression, insomnia, agitation, headache etc. However, severe withdrawal symptoms can be seizures, extreme visual hallucinations etc. that can sometimes be fatal.
In rehabilitation, the detox process is always followed by medications and psychotherapies, coupled with other alternate treatments. Medications, for example, play a pivotal role in the treatment of addiction. It can be an important component of effective drug abuse treatment for patients. They not only help to manage the painful withdrawal process, but also assist in letting the brain function normally to a great extent and reducing drug cravings. Medicines are also available to aid co-occurring disorders.
Apart from medications, there are psychotherapies which are applied to a patient as a part of the treatment. Psychotherapies can be undertaken under individual setting, in group, or both. Some psychotherapies are also done as a part of the family counseling as mentioned below:
Individual Therapy: Individual therapy is a one-on-one consultation of the patient with the therapist done in a safe and controlled setting. An individual psychotherapy helps a patient to share his life’s experiences, talk about the reasons that lead to drug addiction, challenges faced to beat addiction on their own, relationships, successes, failures and more. The therapists help a patient to understand the addiction triggers, discusses strategies to manage it, teach important life skills to live a better tomorrow. Individual therapy is known to work wonders for people who are suffering from addiction. In fact, the patients who are not comfortable in doing therapies in groups can benefit a lot from it.
Group Therapy: An addiction rehabilitation process generally includes group therapy sessions that enable a patient to interact with people who are also trying to battle addiction. These sessions help in sharing experiences of one another and gives motivation for change. This type of therapies is important to make a recovering patient understand that there are more like him who are struggling to fight their addictions and lead a sober life.
Family Therapy: Family is an integral part of a person’s life. So, an individual’s addiction can also have a deep impact on the family members. Many rehabilitation centers offer family therapies to maintain positive changes not only in the patient, but also on his family members. Moreover, a family therapy is also important because a recovering addict needs the support of his family while trying to get sober.
An integral part of an enhanced recovery process is aftercare. For some individuals, recovery could be a lifelong process. In that case, a proper aftercare plan can help him adapt to the challenging situations and march ahead without getting back to addiction. As a part of aftercare, many rehab centers offer follow-up programs, like staying in the inpatient facility over weekends, visiting an outpatient counselor for therapy sessions, living in a sober facility for some time, and join a support group like Alcohol Anonymous (AA), etc. An aftercare plan also lists down certain life skills that help a person to move away from cravings and lead a sober life.
Help for a sober life is just a call away
Recover Mental Health understands that taking the very decision of getting into a rehab is tough. Finding a rehab of your choice to undergo the entire addiction rehabilitation process can also be difficult. If you or your loved one wants to seek treatment for an addiction, please call us at 866-593-2339. Our qualified advisors can brief you about the rehabilitation process and can also help you find the best treatment centers that are known for addiction-related treatments. You can also chat with us online if you have any query on addiction treatments in your area.